GemOptions Gallery

Christian Jewelry
charm jewelry
chains and bracelets
gemstone information and sales
jewelry information
Customize It!
about gemoptions jewelry
search gemoptions site
Gallery site map


Turquoise Gemstone Information
Information * Loose gemstones * Jewelry links

Turquoise is a birthstone for the month of December and the gemstone representing the 11th wedding anniversary. It has been associated with horses for centuries by protecting the rider, who wears the stone, from any injuries if they were to fall off. In the 17th century, turquoise was only considered effective if received as a gift. Native Americans in the Southwest saw the stone to be sacred; and Tibetans today consider turquoise a stone of good fortune, health, and a protector against the "evil eye".

Click to view AGTA code.

Refractive Index 1.610 - 1.650
Hardness = 5-6 (Moh's Scale)
Specific Gravity = 2.76
Species - Turquoise
Optic Character - Aggregate.


Ultrasonic: Never use.
Steamer: Never use.
Heat: Very poor; will break into pieces.
Chemicals that harm: Hydrochloric acid, specific gravity liquid.


Crystal Structure
Turquoise crystal matrix.
Crystal system: Triclinic. Kidney or grape shaped aggregate.

US, Australia, Chile, China, Mexico
 January  Garnet
February Amethyst
March Aquamarine
April Diamond
May Emerald
June Pearl/Alexandrite
July Ruby
August Peridot
September Sapphire
October Opal/Tourmaline
November Topaz or Citrine
December Blue Topaz or Zircon
Common Cut Examples.

Round cabochon turquoise.
Round cut.

Oval cabochon turquoise.
Oval shape.
Pear shape cabochon turquoise.
Pear shape.

Marquise cabochon turquoise.
Marquise cut.
Copyright 2001 GemOptions Jewelry.
Shipping Continuous United States, Alaska and Hawaii.
Prices in US Dollars subject to change without notice.